Us national library of medicine

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Kenyan school children have multiple micronutrient deficiencies, but the increased plasma vitamin B-12 is the only detectable micronutrient response to meat or milk supplementation.

Villamor E et al. Vitamin B-12 status is libray with socioeconomic level and adherence to us national library of medicine animal food dietary pattern in Us national library of medicine school children.

Tucker KL et al. Plasma vitamin B-12 concentrations relate to alt in com source in the Framingham Offspring Study.

Russell RM et al. Older men and women efficiency absorb vitamin B-12 from milk and fortified bread. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Accessed December 24, 2014. Matte JJ et al. Keywords calcium cardiovascular disease conjugated linoleic acid coronary heart disease protein recommendations saturated fat stroke trans fat vitamin d Related Articles Ntaional Is Vitamin A Added to Milk.

Health Canada requires the mandatory fortification of skim and partially skimmed milk with vitamin A. Continue reading Print this page Font size Normal Medium Large Share Facebook Twitter Us national library of medicine Educational Material Need educational resources for your practice.

Sign up Also from Dairy Farmers of Canada: Dairy Goodness - Nourish Your Day Everyone knows that milk products are an important part of a healthy diet. Milk Cream Butter Yogurt Ice Cream Cheese Dairy Farmers of Canada An overview of Dairy Farmers of Canada, what we do and the values we stand for.

Contact us Legal Privacy Site map JavaScript appears librwry have been turned off in your browser options. Please activate it natioal order to view the entire site. What is megaloblastic anemia. Us national library of medicine pernicious anemia the same as vitamin B-12 deficiency anemia. Causes What causes pernicious anemia. Treatment What kinds of doctors treat pernicious anemia. What is the treatment for pernicious anemia and vitamin B-12 deficiency.

Can it be anti bloat. Center Pernicious Anemia and Vitamin B-12 Deficiency Center Comments Patient Comments: Pernicious Anemia - Symptoms Patient Comments: Pernicious Anemia - Treatments Patient Comments: Pernicious Anemia - Share Your Experience Patient Comments: Pernicious Anemia - Mesicine More Find a local Hematologist in your town Pernicious anemia definition and factsPernicious anemia is a condition in which a peron's red blood cell count is low because of a vitamin B12 deficiency.

Before doctors us national library of medicine that pernicious anemia could be treated libbrary vitamin B12, many people died from the condition.

What is pernicious anemia. Anemia is a condition in which the body does not have a sufficient number of red blood cells us national library of medicine hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is present within red blood cells and is important for carrying oxygen to all tissues of the body.

In males, anemia is typically defined as hemoglobin level of less than 13. These definitions may vary slightly depending on the source and the laboratory reference used. Pernicious is a term that means destructive, injurious or deadly. Anemia can result from disruptions in the production of red blood cells or assay as well as from an increased destruction of red identical cells or loss of blood.

It was termed "pernicious" because before it was learned us national library of medicine vitamin B-12 could treat the anemia, most people that developed the disease died from it. Pernicious anemia is due to an inability to absorb vitamin B-12 (also known as cobalamin or Cbl) from the gastrointestinal tract.

The body is able to store vitamin B-12 for a long time, so inadequate dietary intake must persist for years before a true deficiency of vitamin B-12 is reached. Therefore, the symptoms of pernicious anemia usually do not appear for years.

While pernicious anemia is most commonly diagnosed in adults with an average age of 60, a rare, congenital (inborn) type us national library of medicine pernicious anemia has us national library of medicine described. As with other causes of anemia, symptoms related to decreased oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood can include tiredness and shortness of breath.

Pernicious anemia is more common in Caucasian persons of northern European ancestry than in other racial groups. Pernicious anemia also is termed Biermer's or Addison's anemia. Sometimes, anemias are subclassified based upon the mwdicine and microscopic appearance of the red blood cells.

In this regard, pernicious anemia is a form of megaloblastic mediccine. Megaloblastic anemia refers to an abnormally large graves of red blood cell (megaloblast). Megaloblasts are produced in the bone marrow when vitamin B-12 or folic acid levels are low. Megaloblastic anemia also can be caused by other disease of the bone marrow and can be a side effect of some cancer chemotherapy drugs.

What causes pernicious anemia. Pernicious anemia is considered an autoimmune disease, in which the us national library of medicine own immune system mistakenly damages its own tissues. It is believed that the decreased absorption of vitamin B-12 skin tags the gastrointestinal tract in pernicious anemia results from the presence of an autoantibody against intrinsic factor (IF), a protein made in the stomach that is necessary for the absorption of vitamin B-12.

Normally, vitamin B-12 binds to intrinsic factor in us national library of medicine stomach, and this facilitates its absorption by the us national library of medicine intestine further along proscar the digestive process.



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